try puppy pads instead of litter We love nothing more than to hear from readers who have found something useful here on our site. Reader Eileen shared her story with us and agreed to let us post it in the hopes of helping someone else.

Eileen was having trouble with one of her cats. She read our post on New Uses for Puppy Pads and it helped her! Here’s how she found a solution:

I just wanted to let you know that you really saved my bacon a few years ago. My cat had been getting progressively worse about using the litter box, and in spite of not having any kind of detectable infection, began peeing exclusively outside the box. I had tried every kind of litter on the market, every kind of litter box, any and every location, constant scooping, and was completely at my wit’s end.

This post gave me the idea in 2012 to try something other than litter. I put some newspaper in the bottom of her litter box and she went right to it and kept using it, whether I used cloth towels, paper towels, newspapers, or puppy pads. It turns out that she had grown increasingly averse to litter for reasons that I will probably never understand. There were a few times when she stopped using these litter-less boxes, and that’s when I knew there was an actual health issue rather than a behavioral one.

My vet diagnosed her with feline idiopathic cystitis (FIC), which tends to flare up when she’s stressed. This can be very painful when active even if there’s no bacterial infection present, and a lot of veterinarians aren’t familiar with this disease, so they often overlook it. When she has a flare up, we give her medicine to manage her pain and stress for a few days to a week, at which point she always resumes using the litter box.

So, basically, I have a two-pronged system. The no-litter system works on the behavioral end, and temporary pain and stress management works on the medical end. Anyway, thank you for getting this no-litter strategy out to the public. So many cats are needlessly sent to shelters over something that is entirely manageable with a little observation, time, and effort.

Thank YOU, Eileen for taking the time to write and share your story! The more we can share our experiences with each other, the better.

Here’s to happy litter boxes everywhere!


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The last thing you want someone to notice when they walk in your home is the smell of a litter box. Fortunately with a bit of diligence and a few tricks, you can keep that odor at bay!

While masking the litter box odor with air freshener or scented candles helps for a quick fix, you need to get to the source of the odor before you can truly eliminate it.

There are a couple of key places to focus on when ensuring the litter box smell stays in check.

The Litter Box Itself 

According to petMD the easiest and most critical way to keep litter box smell under control is to keep the litter box clean. It sounds like a no brainer but we humans can be forgetful or we can procrastinate on unpleasant jobs. But seriously, this is the number one way to keep things in check.

And, as we all know (I hope), cats simply prefer a clean litter box. Boxes that are left unscooped can drive your cat to peep or poop somewhere other than the box and that definitely can cause unpleasant odors throughout your house!

Scoop the cat litter boxes at least once a day and, personally, I think you should do more. Once in the morning and once in the evening.

Many people recommend sprinkling baking soda at the bottom of box. I do this sometimes too. Baking Soda absorbs odors and won’t harm your cat. You can also sprinkle the baking soda over the top of the litter periodically for a little refreshing.

Changing The Kitty Litter – Veterinarians and cat behaviorists have varying recommendations on how often to completely change out the cat litter but I like to change it completely a couple of times a month to really keep odors at bay. Every time you change the litter, wash out the box with mild soap and water.

I also keep extra clean boxes ready to go so the cats aren’t left with no box while you’re scrubbing theirs. This also cuts down on wear and use of the boxes.

Clump and Seal Certain litters are made to fight odor like lightweight ARM & HAMMER™ Clump & Seal™. There’s a unique technology that forms a tight seal around odor and destroys it with powerful odor eliminators and ARM & HAMMER™ Baking Soda. Get a $2 off coupon here.

Also, replace boxes completely once a year, or more frequently. No matter how well you wash them, over time, the plastic in boxes can break down and being to trap bacteria which leads to smell that no amount of scrubbing is going to help!

Check out these DIY litter box area fresheners from petMD.

Outside the Litter Box

Sometimes cats pee or poop outside the box. It’s maddening. But it’s a problem you can solve with a little patience and detective work on your part.

The first thing you should do if your cat is going outside the box is to take him to the vet. There are a number of medical issues that could be the problem. You need to rule those out first.

If he has a clean bill of health then you need to put on your Sherlock Holmes hat and see what’s what.

Often the cause is a dirty litter box. So make sure to scoop that box at least daily.

Your cat might not like the litter, in which case you might want to offer some other options. Do this by offering options in another box to see which he prefers. Don’t just switch it out on him. If the litter itself isn’t the issue then you might make it the issue by doing the switcharoo.

Some cats prefer varying depths of litter so experiment with that. Sometimes the box itself is too small or has a cover on it that the cat doesn’t like or more.

Check out petMD’s resource center for additional reasons your cat might be avoiding the litter box.

This post is sponsored by petMD and ARM & HAMMER™ Clump & Seal™, and the BlogPaws Professional Pet Blogger Network. I am being compensated for helping spread the word about The petMD Cat Care Center, but we only share information we feel is relevant to our readers. ARM & HAMMER™ Clump & Seal™ and petMD are not responsible for the content of this article.


5 reasons your cat's not using the litterbox vertEvery cat owner knows the litter box is one of the most critical parts of caring for a cat. Retailers like Swell Pets offer numerous sizes, shapes of boxes and all kinds of scents and textures and materials for litter, not to mention all the accessories – scoops, cleaning wipes, poop bags and more.

And it’s a good thing all of those options are available because cats are funny about their box. Like humans, cats have their own preferences and rarely are two cats alike.

So if your cat is avoiding the litter box, don’t despair. It simply means you need to take a step back and evaluate what’s going on, from health to litter box, to your choice of litter and more.

Here are 5 reasons your cat might be avoiding the box and what you should do about them.

Medical Issues – The first thing you should do if your cat is peeing or pooping outside the box is to take him to the vet to rule out any medical issues. You may be surprised at the variety of things that cause your precious furball to go outside the box.

Cats often behave strangely when they are in pain or uncomfortable and sometimes associate this pain or discomfort with the place where they do their business. Don’t blame them…they’re trying to figure out the problem!

For example, if your cat is constipated and it’s hard for him to go #2, he might believe it’s the litter box that’s causing the issue and try to find another spot. If he has a urinary tract infection, it hurts when he uses the box so…logically he might try to go elsewhere. Get your poor sweetie to the vet promptly to rule out medical problems.

Covered Litter Boxes – The idea behind litter boxes with lids is to provide the cat some privacy and the owner some reprieve from seeing and smelling the box. But this can backfire on some cat owners when their cat simply doesn’t like to go into an enclosed space to potty.

I get lots of emails from readers who read this tip and it changed things immediately! If your cat is peeing somewhere you don’t want him to and you have a covered litter box, take off the lid and see if that helps. Let the light shine in!

Depth of the Litter – Sure, cats are finicky about the type of litter you use but you might also need to experiment with different depths of litter.

If it’s too deep your cat might dislike the feeling of sinking into quicksand, unable to get a foothold.

If it’s too shallow, hitting bottom might feel funny to your cat’s little paws. Also, have you ever noticed that cats grip the litter with their paws, especially when they are pooping? It’s important for them to feel comfortable with the surface or they will find somewhere else.

Finally, cats with longer hair may not like the feel of their fur dragging in litter that’s too deep. Play around with different options.  And, in extreme cases, try paper towels or puppy pads placed in the box. Yes, these options can get expensive, messy and stinky, but for some cats it works great.

Arthritis – When cats age, they may suffer from arthritis. If someone tells me their senior cat begins going outside the box, my first piece of advice is get him to the vet!

But then, take a look at the box. If your cat has mobility issues or any pain, it may be hard for him to get in and out of the box. Try a low-sided box or cutting one side down so your cat can easily enter and exit. Remember to sand the edges or put duct tape over them so your pretty kitty doesn’t cut himself on the jagged cut edges.

Then, consider the depth of the litter, as I mentioned above. Gripping litter might be too hard for arthritic cats so less litter in the box might work better for him.

Location – This is actually one of the first things experts recommend you consider when your cat is not using his box. If the box is near the furnace or washer/dryer, your cat might not like the strange noises.

Also, cats seem to like some privacy but not remote privacy. Don’t make them traverse too far to use the potty. I know it can be hard but it’s also important to have more than one box….and not right next to each other. To a cat, that’s pretty much one big box. If you can have boxes on each level of your house or in opposite ends of the house or apartment, that’s ideal because it gives them options.

There are so many reasons your cat might be avoiding his litter box and these are just a few to get you started. The key is to think like a cat and consider all possibilities. Email us at caroline (at) high paw (dot) com and let us know if these worked or if you have other litter box questions. We’ll try to answer as best we can!



the scoop on4 new cat litter options you should try from www.thehappylitterbox.comCats can be super finicky about the type of litter you use to fill their litter box (oh, really, ya think?)

While some kitties don’t care what litter you put in the box, other cats will show their displeasure at your choice by taking their biz elsewhere.

So determining the right kind of litter is an important process. You need to first find a litter that will please your kitty and second, find one that you will be happy about, too.

Repeat after me: Kitty preferences first. Your preferences second. Hopefully, you can reach cat owner-cat nirvana and find one brand that meets both feline and human needs.

There are a few new products that have hit the market this past year that strive to be convenient for cat owners but offer something special for the cats, too. Here are some options we’ve tested recently.

But first, remember that every cat is different. What my guys like, your cats may not. So, here I’ll just speak to the features of the litter to give you a better idea of what they’re like. By the way, I never, ever review crappy litter. What I talk about on this site is always deemed worthy of at least a test run if you think it will work for you.

Dr. Elsey’s Touch of Outdoors ™

Dr. Esley's Touch of Outdoors Cat Litter review on www.thehappylitterbox.comOh, wonderful, cat-loving Dr. Elsey. Dr. Elsey has built a reputation for his cat litter that’s designed for getting “problem” cats back into the litter box. He does this by infusing his litter with a proprietary herb attractant that many cats seem to like.

The latest in Dr. Esley’s line is Touch of Outdoors, specially formulated for cats who want to go outdoors or have been formerly outdoor cats and are showing signs that being inside isn’t their cup of tea. They may show this displeasure and even stress by pacing, scratching, inter-cat aggression, increased vocalization, urine marking and more.

Aligning with another popular trend – enriching indoor cats’ lives – Touch of Outdoors is made from natural, chemical-free prairie grasses grown by Dr. Elsey’s team, with a scent designed to make cats feel less anxious, bored or depressed while living indoors. This might be a great choice for winter time, especially!

The low dust, highly clumping litter also contains natural Chlorophyll that bonds to odors and eliminates them.

My guys are indoors-only and have never lived outdoors so that aspect wasn’t a factor for us. I can speak to the low dust and good clumping of this one. Odor control was good as well.

You can purchase Touch of Outdoors here.

Simple Solution 30-Day Super Absorbent Cat Litter

Simple Solution 30-Day Cat Litter review on Here’s a whole new breed of clay litter in pretty much every way.  Simple Solution 30-Day Cat Litter here. is made from a lightweight mineral called attapulgite clay.

Super absorbent, attapugite is 300% more absorbent than traditional litters, the company claims.

Because the attapugite is so absorbent and the mineral in the clay traps moisture and odor, you don’t need to scoop the urine clumps. You do, however, have to scoop the poop. Sorry.

The attapulgite is soft and Simple Solution has infused it with aloe to make it even easier on your cat’s paws.

And, with a light flowery fragrance and pink color (yes, pink! Love it!) it also makes a complete departure from many of the litters on the market today.

The stuff works. It was just about 30 days before I had to replace it. The flowery smell is pleasant but it’s still scented so if you or your cat are not a fan of fragrances, you may not like this.

Buy Simple Solution 30-Day Cat Litter here.

Pioneer Pet’s SmartCat All Natural Clumping Litter

Smart Cat Litter review on Another new litter made with natural, USA-grown grasses, SmartCat All Natural Clumping Litter has superfine granules that make it soft on kitty’s paws.

The plant-based litter is also lightweight (1/3 the weight of clay litters says Pioneer Pet) and dust-free, making it good for cats and humans who are bothered by airborne cat litter particles.

For those of you whose lives are made miserable by wet cat litter sticking to the side of the box, Pioneer Pet says you won’t have that problem with SmartCat because it’s designed to “peel” itself away from the sides, making scooping easier. This is totally true. I don’t know why or how but it does not cement itself to the box so it’s freakishly easy to scoop.

All natural, fragrance and chemical free, SmartCat will also biodegrade after disposal as a renewable resource. I had no issues with odor control. It was totally fine.

I would have switched to this litter for life (and still might) except for the tracking issue. It’s lightweight and fine so it does track and I was constantly sweeping. If I had the boxes in a different location (they’re in my office right now) and if I could use a litter mat (I can’t because Romeo pees on them) I might try again because other than the tracking, this stuff is awesome.

You can purchase SmartCat All Natural Clumping Litter here.

Healthy Pet ökocat Natural Wood Clumping Litter

Okocat litter review on www.thehappylitterbox.comökocat Natural Wood Cat Litter isn’t new to the cat litter market. In fact, they’ve been selling their proprietary wood cat litters in Europe for over a decade.

This soft, crushed wood clumping litter is made from naturally fallen timber or unused scrap lumber materials. The wood is chipped and combined with proprietary plant-based binders that help inhibit the growth of bacteria, support the product’s “7-day odor control” claim, and provide massive absorption (the company says the litter is able to hold 500% its weight in liquid).

The lightweight litter is free of chemicals, any additives or fragrances and doesn’t produce dust or particles that are easily tracked through the house.

It was totally nice and I liked the crunchy texture of it but I found it wasn’t super scoopable. However, if you are a pine fan (and it definitely does a good job with odor) you should check it out.

You can purchase ökocat Natural Wood Cat Litter here.

So, check them out and let me know if you like (or dislike) any of these! Also, none of these were paid reviews but I did receive product for free to test out. My opinions are mine, all mine.

And, BTW, the links to Amazon are affiliate links which just means if you do purchase, I get a small percentage, at no extra cost to you.  Mwah!


Screen Shot 2014-10-16 at 2.37.52 PMYou all know Jackson Galaxy, right? He’s the host of My Cat From Hell on Animal Planet and a guy who really, really loves and cares about cats. He’s even helped some Happy Litterbox readers figure out what’s going on with their precious kitties litter box behavior, so we are forever grateful for his help with cats worldwide. You can read some of his litter box advice here, here and here.

He and another of our fave cat experts, design maven Kate Benjamin of Hauspanther, have teamed up on a new book: Catification: Designing a Happy and Stylish Home for Your Cat (and You!)

Catification is all about “catifying” your home – in other words, creating a home that makes your cat happy and your personal aesthetic sensibilities purr. No more torn up, ugly shag carpet cat trees for you! No siree; not with Jackson and Kate on the job.

Kate and Jackson The dynamic duo helps you figure out what your cat’s behavior tells you about what he really needs in a cat-friendly home. In this full color paperback book, Kate and Jackson provide more than 15 easy, DIY projects and tons of design tricks to make the changes that will help your cat (and you!) be happy in your home together.

And, as we all know, stressed and anxious cats often have litter box issues. As you’ll see in the book, sometimes a few design tricks will help your cat feel more comfortable in his environment and potentially help him get back into the box.

You can get your copy of Catification at Amazon
or other bookstores.

PLUS if you’re in Kansas City, Jackson’s coming to see you Friday, October 17 at 7 p.m. at Rainy Day Books!

Other tour stops include:

Kansas City, MO
October 17, 7 p.m.
Rainy Day Books

Milwaukee, WI
October 19, 6 p.m.
Rainy Day Books

Austin, TX
October 20, 7 p.m.
Book People

New York, NY
October 20, 7 p.m.
Union Square Barnes & Noble
Jackson AND Kate! Double whammy, woo hoo!

Los Angeles, CA
October 27, 7 p.m.
Barnes & Noble at The Grove


click hereDo you know what I love most about pet people? I love that pet people love their own pets but also care deeply about all pets, especially ones in need.

The people at are those types of people. You may know the folks from their incredible work donating kibble to shelter cats and dogs through and

Each day, these sites post a trivia question. For each question site visitors answer, donates 10 pieces of kibble to pets in need. To date, thanks to the community, they have donated more than 12 MILLION meals of Halo Spot’s Stew to shelter pets.

But kitties don’t just need food. They also need a clean, fresh litter box. And shelters go through millions of pounds of litter each year, which is a huge expense.

freekatlitter.comSo, has launched a new program to help ensure our homeless feline friends get oodles and oodles of high quality Fresh Step litter:

But they can’t do it alone. They need YOU to help generate these donations. Each day, visit and click on the cat by the litter box to make him go and scratch around in his litter. That’s all you need to do. For each click, will donate Fresh Step cat litter to homeless cats across the nation, making every shelter cat’s litter box a happy litter box!

Can you imagine how much can help rescues and shelters? With one less thing to worry about, these incredible, hardworking organizations can focus on caring for the cats and finding them forever homes.

So…go click on like, right meow!

P.S. Here’s a happy litter box tip: sign up for the daily reminders like I have. Then you’ll get s sweet email each day reminding you to go click to help pets in need. It’s a great way to start your day!


Dr. Andy Roarke Talks to His Cat About Inappropriate Elimination

August 25, 2014

Have you seen any of Dr. Andy Roarke’s videos? Dr. Andy can be seen on covering all kinds of issues, from how to introduce your cat to a new baby to keeping pets safe in the heat to yes, inappropriate elimination. Check out this video and tell me if any of it sounds familiar […]

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5 Common Litter Box Mistakes

June 21, 2014

Litter boxes. They seem so easy, so straightforward. Your cat knows just what to do and he does it. All you have to do is clean it out once in a while, right? Right?  Well, sometimes right. But plenty of times….wrong. Litter box problems are one of the chief complaints veterinarians report hearing from their […]

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Reader Success Story: The Cat Pee Smell is Gone!

March 24, 2014

Seriously, is there nothing worse than a house that smells like cat pee? Even the cleanest, most fastidious cat parents sometimes have to deal with the pungent, ammonia-y stink of a cat who is spraying or peeing where he shouldn’t. When I heard Dr. Jessica Vogelsang, a veterinary writer in San Diego, was struggling with […]

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